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Intraocular inflammations

Intraocular inflammations

Intraocular inflammations

What is Uveitis?
It covers the gel-like material in the middle of the eyelet and surrounds a sheath consisting of 3 layers. The middle layer is a uvea Ort. Uvean inflammation is called “uveitis U. Uveitis may affect all or one of the layers of the iris, choroid and eyelashes that we call the uvea of ​​the eye.
 
Uvea is now considered a separate specialty of the eye. The diagnosis and treatment of Uvea-related diseases are supported by the progressive advances in immunology and genetics.
 
The most important factors that increase the success of treatment; early diagnosis, regular follow-up, compatible patient physician relationship and correct treatment. When these conditions are met, the damaged eye can often be saved.
 
Even if the treatment is completed, the patient should be followed up at least every three months. The controls should not be interrupted because the disease may recur quietly. It is also necessary to inform the ophthalmologist about different symptoms related to other organs. For example, aphthous mouth, skin spots, rheumatic symptoms, etc.
 
Uveitis is a highly complex disease, and each patient may have a different course. The treatment is as personal as the course of the disease. In the treatment to be administered, the dose of the drug should be determined by the experienced and experienced physicians.
 
Causes of uveitis
In 30 to 40% of patients with uveitis, the cause of the disease cannot be determined exactly. Uveitis can be caused by factors such as viruses, fungi and parasites, but also as a symptom of a disease in the body. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate diseases with various assays. In addition, uveitis may occur with the systemic diseases we define as collagen tissue and autoimmune origin. Examples include behçet's disease, ankylosing spondylitis and rheumatoid arthritis.
 
Diseases that can cause uveitis:
Behcet 's disease
Infections (bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi) can spread to other areas. Tuberculosis, syphilis, herpes, toxoplasmosis, etc.
Eye trauma and surgery
Autoimmune reaction (immune system diseases), rheumatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, sarcoidosis.
 
Symptoms of Uveitis
When uveitis occurs in the anterior part of the eye, it may cause eye rash, blurred vision, pain around the eyes, sensitivity to light and flight. If the uveitis is dense in the posterior part of the eye, the symptoms are mostly blurred. If uveitis holds the visual center, permanent vision loss due to sudden vision loss and tissue damage occurs. The main symptoms of uveitis occur outside the central region;
Blood supply
Eye watering
Sensitivity to light and glare
Stained and blurred vision or severe vision loss
Sudden light flashes
Pain in the eyeball
 
Types of uveitis
Located at the front
Located at the side
Back side
 
How is uveitis diagnosed?
No matter what violence, uveitis is an emergency. When late, the disease progresses and may cause permanent side effects such as deformities, cataracts and elevated eye pressure due to inflammation. When the symptoms start, the first job is to be examined by an experienced ophthalmologist. Being late for the first examination can lead to a permanent loss of vision.
 
Some types of uveitis have a typical appearance and can be diagnosed immediately. Even in these cases, advanced techniques such as angiography, ultrasonography, and ERG may be necessary to understand the extent to which vision is threatened and to monitor the effectiveness of the treatment if the back of the eye is involved. For example, angiographies performed with an indocyanine green dye (ICG) may provide direct diagnostic information about the disease in suspicious cases. Then, joint research with rheumatologists, chest diseases, skin diseases and neurologists can be done.
 
Behçet's disease is a disease that occurs in the form of "aphthous eden wounds in the mouth and in the sexual area and causes uveitis in the eye. However, behçet's disease is a inflamed disease that can hold almost all systems in the body, causing involvement of joints, large and small vessels, respiratory, central nervous system and digestive system organs. The signs and symptoms of the disease are seen as exacerbations in the organs that are involved and some symptoms persist for a long time, but there are periods when the person does not have any symptoms and the person does not complain.