The cornea is an opaque transparent layer of the eye, which is located in the front of the eye, which has the role of focusing the light and protecting it from external factors.
Corneal Examination Methods
A person without an ophthalmologist can evaluate the corneal transparency, the brightness of the surface, corneal injuries, corneal sensitivity with the help of a cotton rod. Ophthalmologists use some devices to assess the morphology and function of the cornea;
Biomicroscopy: It is used for binocular examination of the cornea and other structures belonging to the anterior segment. Light beams of varying thicknesses can be sent from different sources to enlarge the biomicroscope and the cornea can be examined. It is the most frequently used examination method.
Keratometry: Measuring the breaking power of the cornea. It is used before contact lens and intraocular lens implantation.
Topography: It is used in the topographic analysis of the front face of the cornea.
Pachymetry: Measurement of corneal thickness.
Specular microscopy: shows the number and structure of endothelial cells.
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