It occurs in any situation that prevents the normal use of eyes. In most cases, lazy eye can be hereditary. Children in the family with lazy eye must be examined by an ophthalmologist. Early diagnosis is always important.
The main causes of eye laziness are 3.
Strabismus; is the most common and the most common cause of eye laziness. The floating eye does not transmit the image to the brain and the person uses the eye that is better seen.
Breaking defects; If one eye is too blurred because of the high refractive error, the eye becomes lazy by completing its visual development. This is the type of lethargy that is most difficult to detect because there is no problem in the eyes. Parents can be examined immediately when the child detects the slippage in the eyes, but at this time the child is often late because of age. For this reason, all children should be examined before the age of 4, whether they are complaining or not.
Blur in eye tissues that need to be transparent; cataract is the beginning of this situation. This type of laziness is the most rapidly developing eye laziness. Therefore, every newborn child must be subjected to a red reflection test, which is a very easy test by a pediatrician, and should be examined at an ophthalmologist if an abnormality is found. Because this type of laziness develops very early and very deep. Congenital cataracts should be treated surgically as soon as possible.
How is Eye Laziness Diagnosed?
Visual examinations of children are very difficult before 3.5-4 years of age. In younger children and infants, the eye with a lazy eye is tried to be detected by a number of methods, such as evaluating the response if the strong eye is manually closed by the doctor. At the age of 4 years, the ophthalmologist basically does the following. Inspects the eyes for any slip. Then, if there is any turbidity in the transparent environment, the pupil is extended with drop and it measures the refraction values of both eyes. The important point here is whether there is a refractive error, especially in one eye, well above the other. High refractive errors in both eyes are also taken into account. In addition to examination of fracture defect, examination of the retina (visual membrane) and optic nerve (visual nerve) is performed and the examination is completed.
How is Eye Laziness Treated?
The basis of treatment in the eye laziness is based on the use of the weak eye. This is done by closing the intact eye with a special bandage for several weeks or months. It is prescribed which is necessary before. The child starts to use it and treatment is done. Before the operation, a certain period of closure treatment is performed, the operation is performed, and then the closure is continued for a while. Children do not like the closure. And they refuse. However, this period as a parent can be experienced successfully with your interest and patience.
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