Glaucoma is a serious disease that causes the vision nerve to become weaker due to the increase in intraocular pressure and thus loss of vision. There are many types of glaucoma. However, the most common type of glaucoma is open-angle glaucoma.
HOW IS GLOKOM DIAGNOSIS?
In particular, the most common type of glaucoma called chronic open-angle glaucoma is that if the intraocular pressure is not too high, the disease is insidious without any apparent symptoms. For this reason, the diagnosis of the disease is done in advanced stages.
1. Glaucoma is often diagnosed incidentally during an examination for patients who are often referred to a doctor for other reasons, often for ordinary eyeglasses or for simple reasons. Therefore, eye pressure should not be neglected during eye examination.
2. In addition, a number of patients called acute glaucoma crisis and occurs with sudden elevation of intraocular pressure to very high levels. Diagnosis is very easy and urgent treatment is required.
3. In the diagnosis of glaucoma, there are three findings that eye doctors seek together with the classic. The first one is that the intraocular pressure is high. Normally, intraocular pressure is 10-20 mm. mercury pressure level. Intraocular pressure above 20 mm mercury is mostly in favor of glaucoma, but only high intraocular pressure is not sufficient to diagnose glaucoma. Because there are eyes that are normal even though the intraocular pressure is above 20 mm, there are also eyes with glaucoma although the intraocular pressure is below 20 mm. The second sought for diagnosis of glaucoma is the destruction of the eye nerve seen in the ophthalmological examination. The third finding is visual field deterioration in the visual field examination showing visual impairment. Patients with glaucoma are monitored by evaluating the intraocular pressure level, the visual nerve and the condition of the visual field together, and by considering these findings drug treatment or surgery is decided.
Is GLOKOMA A TREATABLE DISEASE?
Glaucoma is a disease that can be treated after diagnosis. However, if the disease is not diagnosed in time and the eye is damaged in the eye nerve and diagnosed after decreasing the visual acuity, the treatment will help to maintain the current vision. Your losses won't bring back. For this reason, patients are easily treated by preventing visual loss if they are caught in the early period without any loss of vision.
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